You need to
be an advocate for your new puppy, understand what shots and
We use Vanguard Plus
- Given at 6 weeks
of age, Below will tell you about the FIVE WAY SHOT.
By Pfizer. Modified live high titer parvovirus.
VANGUARD® PLUS 5 contains
attenuated strains of canine distemper (CD) virus, canine
adenovirus type 2 (CAV-2), canine parvovirus (CPV), and
canine parainfluenza (CPI) virus propagated on an
established canine cell line.
The freeze-dried components are rehydrated
with a sterile diluent.
The PLUS in VANGUARD PLUS vaccines refers to
the high-titer, low-passage canine parvovirus (CPV)
component, which helps give it the immunogenic properties
capable of overriding appreciable levels of CPV maternal
antibodies Some puppies in the field may have higher levels
of maternal antibodies than those evaluated in our pivotal
All VANGUARD PLUS vaccines contain an
attenuated strain of canine adenovirus type 2 (CAV-2), which
helps protect against CAV-2 respiratory disease and against
infectious canine hepatitis (ICH) caused by the closely
related canine adenovirus type 1 (CAV-1). The CAV-2
component helps provide this dual protection without causing
post-vaccination side effects (persistent kidney infections,
uveitis and corneal opacity) sometimes associated with
conventional CAV-1 vaccines.
The CAV-2 component in VANGUARD Plus vaccines
cross-immunizes against CAV-1 to help protect dogs against
ICH without producing post-vaccination side effects,
including persistent kidney infections, uveitis and corneal
opacity (blue eye), sometimes attributed to CAV-1 vaccines.
Customer-friendly packaging includes peel-off
labels to make record-keeping faster and more accurate, a
color-coded organizing system, and an easy-open safety band.
Demonstrated long-term performance of the
viral antigens based on retrospective serological studies.1
VANGUARD PLUS 5 is supported by our
Immunization Support Guarantee (ISG).
Hepatitis-Adenovirus Type I
Infectious Canine Hepatitis is caused by Type 1 adenovirus, which is
fairly resistant to inactivation. The virus that attacks the
tonsils, lymph nodes and then the liver. It is shed in all body
secretions, but more commonly by urine. Transmission is by contact
with contaminated objects. This virus does not cause human
hepatitis. The most common symptoms are fever, depression, abdominal
pain, vomiting and diarrhea. In a small number of infected dogs, the
virus can localize in the eye, causing a whiteness or cloudiness of
the eye. Vaccines are available which can effectively prevent this
disease. Most of the vaccines, however, contain adenovirus type 2,
which still protects against type 1 infections, but eliminating
possible side effects of cloudy eyes which can be seen, rarely, with
adenovirus type 1 vaccines.
Parainfluenza-Adenovirus Type II
This virus causes a mild respiratory tract infection. It is
transmitted through contact with oral and nasal secretions. Common
symptoms include fever, nasal discharge, and a dry hacking cough.
The disease by itself, is usually mild and brief, however, in some
cases it can progress into a more serious pneumonia. Vaccines are
available to effectively prevent this disease. Two types of canine
adenovirus type 2 vaccines are available, an injectible form and
also as a nasal spray, as part of a "kennel cough" vaccine.
distemper is caused by a virus, which does not live long outside of
the dog. It is primarily transmitted by contact with respiratory
secretions from an infected dog, but it can be found in all body
secretions. The disease is highly contagious and commonly causes
death. The disease is most common in puppies from 3 - 6 months of
age. The initial symptoms resemble a mild cold and may even go
unnoticed. Several days later, infected dogs will have discharge
from their eyes and nose, depression, loss of appetite, vomiting and
diarrhea. Puppies, who survive through the initial disease, will
commonly develop seizures 1 - 3 weeks later. In most dogs the
seizures will get progressively worse, until the puppy succumbs to
the disease. Puppies who survive may have incomplete development of
their teeth, thickened footpads and may develop seizures later in
life. Distemper should be treated by a veterinarian. The best
prevention is vaccination (see
Duramune Max 5 and
Parvo viruses are extremely resistant to inactivation and can
persist in the environment for years. They are also resistant to
most commonly used disinfectants. The virus is spread in the feces
which contaminates the environment. It can be transported on the
hair or feet of infected dogs as well as on the hands and shoes of
people. Dogs become infected by ingesting the virus which then
attacks the intestinal tract, white blood cells, and in very young
dogs, heart muscle. Common symptoms include severe diarrhea
(bloody), vomiting, listlessness, depression, loss of appetite, and
high fever. Some infected pups get very sick, very quickly, with the
only symptoms seen being severe depression, gasping for breath and
sudden death. Left untreated, many pups will die within 48 to 72
hours after onset of symptoms. This disease is highly contagious and
once established in a kennel it can be very difficult to eliminate.
Treatment for Parvovirus includes correcting dehidration and
electrolyte imbalances (see
Rebound) along with hospitalization. Treating the environment
with a 10% or greater chlorine bleach solution is effective but
harsh. Other opations include
Roccal-D Plus. Vaccination is the best preventative.
Vaccinate pups at 8-12-16 weeks and annually thereafter (see
Canine parainfluenza is a highly contagious
respiratory disease that is frequently confused with kennel cough.
The canine parainfluenza virus is transmitted through contact with
the nasal secretions of dogs that are infected with the disease.
Because the virus spreads fast among dogs housed in kennels or those
that visit veterinary clinics, it is very important to choose
reputable facilities. Don’t take your dog to a kennel that does not
require proof of vaccinations. You’re asking for trouble!
Worming of Puppies is done regularly and if
very easy for a puppy to get reinfected, We try very hard not to
let this happen; but stress can even cause some worms to come
out. Please read below to help you understand more about worms.
WHY do I have to use SAFE-GUARD .....CANINE DE-WORMER
FIVE days in a row?
Because of the life cycle of whipworms in dogs, Safe-Guard Canine
De-wormer must be used three days in a row to effectively destroy
this canine parasite. Also it will kill Guardia protozoa that comes
from 90 % of the worlds water. Which is very common in puppies....
What is it?: Coccidia is a protozoa that causes diarrhea in
puppies and that occurs usually when they are stressed. We have seen
it every now and then when we wean and when puppies go to new homes,
although with our recent care program, it has become rare here,
What Causes the Symptoms? About 60% of all puppies have
coccidia parasite in their digestive systems. Many puppies are
never physically affected by this protozoa. **Stress (such as
when a puppy leaves its littermates for a new home) can cause the
coccidia to flourish, and this can lead to diarrhea. In extreme
cases, the puppy can get severely dehydrated, so it's best to just
medicate preventatively in our opinion. We have a strict regimen of
prevention while puppies are here.
An Ounce of Prevention is Worth a Pound of
Cure: Like most people that raise puppies and that have educated
themselves, we treat preventatively for coccidia because it
is very hard to avoid having on the property. In fact, I've seen
references that indicate that ALL kennels have coccidia, treatment
must be atleast 10 days.
Pyrantel pamoate (Nemex or Strongid)
is an excellent choice
for ascarids and can be safely given to 2-week-old puppies. It is
available as a liquid suspension
Pyrantel pamoate is used to treat
parasites, such as roundworms and hookworms.
Since these intestinal parasites
migrate through the body before residing in the intestine, follow-up
de-worming is necessary.
To remove parasites from the body, the biological differences
between worm and mammal are exploited. In the case of members of the
roundworm family (the "ascarid" worms), the parasitic worm is
attached to the host’s intestine by its tiny teeth and/or suckers.
Pyrantel acts as a neuromuscular blocker so that the parasite
relaxes its grip, effectively paralyzing the worm so that it loses
its attachment. The worm is then passed with the feces into the
cold, cruel world. Outside of the host protective body, the worm
soon dies. Because the medication is absorbed poorly from the host’s
intestine, the host is completely unaffected by the paralysis
effect. It also helps that the host is substantially larger than the
parasite thus the small amounts of medication needed to remove
parasites are not of concern to the mammal host.
Pyrantel pamoate is effective against numerous parasitic worms:
Pyrantel pamoate is also used in horses, cattle, sheep, pigs and
many other species. When a new puppy or kitten is adopted and has
been said to have been “de-wormed” the chances are it is this product
that was used. Pyrantel pamoate is not effective against
whipworms nor is it effective against
tapeworms. Larval roundworms and hookworms migrate through the
host's body before completing their development in the host's
intestine. Only the worms in the intestine are vulnerable to
pyrantel pamoate. In order to address the worms in the process of
migration, the de-worming must be repeated after these worms have had
the opportunity to reach the intestine. This means that there must
be a second de-worming 2-4 weeks after the first de-worming and
possibly even a third de-worming 2-4 weeks after that
Leptospirosis - Is not recommended for Shih Tzu
Animal Health does NOT recommend
vaccinating young puppies for lepto.
Leptospirosis is caused by a bacteria which is shed
in the urine of infected animals. Transmission occurs through direct
contact with the skin or oral mucous membranes. Leptospirosis
infects many different species of animals including people. The
disease can vary a lot in severity but common symptoms include high
fever, depression, jaundice, bleeding, vomiting, and lower back
pain. It can lead to serious kidney disease with decreased urine
volume, collapse and death. There are several different serovars of
Leptospirosis which can infect dogs some are spread by rodents,
others by wildlife and livestock. Treatment consists of antibiotics,
fluid replacement and controlling the vomiting (see
Rebound). An untreated animal that recovers can become a carrier
and shed the disease for up to a year. There are four strains of
Leptospirosis. The available vaccines (Galaxy
Duramune) will protect against the more common strains.